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The geology of Iceland is unique and of particular interest to geologists. Iceland lies on the divergent boundary between the Eurasian plate and the North American plate. It also lies above a hotspot, the Iceland plume. The plume is believed to have caused the formation of Iceland itself, the island first appearing over the ocean surface about 16 to 18 million years ago.
In Reykjavik which is in the south of Iceland the average temperature is 11oC (52of) in summer and - 10C (30of) inwinter. The climate in Iceland is surprisingly mild for its northerly lattitude (66 degrees) due to the warming effect of the gulf stream.
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